Establishing land rights in informal settlements is more often than not a protracted engagement pitting the government on one side and the land owner(s) and the slum dwellers on the other. In the ensuing contestation over the land, the government either at the national or county level has to also contend with its responsibility to maintain order and safety through planned developments by exercising its police power/development control.
Consequently, land owners cannot proceed to evict slum dwellers and carry on with their development plans, and slum dwellers are also limited in investing in housing improvement initiatives as the threat of eviction looms over them. This paper discusses policy scenarios that can be leveraged in sustainably tackling land access constraints faced by urban poor in accessing land and respectable shelter. Key options discussed include resettlement of the slum dwellers to alternative site, compensation, sale of the land to the urban poor at subsidised rates and land sharing. These options have been discussed in respect to Kiandutu informal settlement in Thika, Kenya where the local community has continued to agitate for a modicum of land rights over the land they currently occupy.
The Policy Brief is available at CURI Publications on the link below;